James Stark

Windsor Great Park with deer

Oil on canvas: 16(h) x 21.5(w) in /

40.6(h) x 54.6(w) cm

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BK 237

 

JAMES STARK

Norwich 1794 – 1859 London

 

Windsor Great Park with deer

Oil on canvas: 16 x 21 ½ in / 40.6 x 54.6 cm

Frame size: 20 ½ x 25 ½ in / 52.1 x 64.8 cm

Painted circa 1840s

Provenance:

Richard Green, London

Private collection, UK

Exhibited:

London, Lowndes Lodge Gallery, Painters of the Norwich School, 5th-21st May 1965, no.50, illus

James Stark was best known as a landscape painter.  He captured the timeless rural labours of sheep dipping and the peaceful rustic life of the streams and meadows of East Anglia.  He favoured vast horizons and deep skies in his landscapes. James Stark was an important member of ‘The Norwich School’, a group of landscape painters working in Norwich during the early nineteenth century.  These artists were united by comradeship, family, and master-pupil links, resulting in a similar stylistic treatment of the countryside.  John Crome was the founding spirit behind the association of artists, which consolidated into the Norwich Society of Artists in 1803.  His works were considerably influenced by the Dutch seventeenth century masters, a characteristic of many Norwich School paintings. Stark first studied with John Crome and later moved to London where he entered the Royal Academy Schools in 1817. His early works show the direct influence of Crome and the Dutch artist, Hobbema, who was Crome’s favourite painter.  He spent a brief period in Yarmouth following his marriage in 1821 to Elizabeth Dinmore, and then returned to Norwich where he became much sought after for his exquisite views of the surrounding scenery.

James Stark moved to Windsor in 1839, where he remained for ten years and painted many local views. There he befriended the well known artist, Edmund Bristow. His art shows a distinct development from his earlier period in Norwich when he painted the densely vegetated landscape with a thick painterly stroke, to his later broader and more open compositions. He moved to London in 1850 to enable his son, Arthur James Stark, to attend the Royal Academy Schools, and remained in London for the rest of his life.

Stark exhibited prolifically throughout his career at the Norwich Society of which he became a member in 1912.  Stark showed at many venues amongst them the Royal Academy, the Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street, the Old Watercolour Society and the New Watercolour Society.  He exhibited 137 works at the British Institution between 1814 and 1859.

The work of Stark is represented in the Metropolitan Museum, New York, the Tate Gallery, and the Victoria and Albert Museum, London and the National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, the Manchester City Art Gallery, Castle Museum, Norwich, the Nottingham City Art Gallery, and the Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Canada.

VictorianJames Stark