Laurence Stephen Lowry

Father going home

Oil on canvas: 15(h) x 10(w) in /

38.1(h) x 25.4(w) cm

Signed and dated lower left: L.S. Lowry 1962

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BV 159

 

LAURENCE STEPHEN LOWRY RA RBA LG NS

Manchester 1887 – 1976 Glossop

 

Father going home

 

Signed and dated lower left: L.S. Lowry 1962

Oil on canvas: 15 x 10 in / 38.1 x 25.4 cm

Frame size: 22 x 17 in / 55.9 x 43.2 cm

In a gessoed and gilded hollow frame

 

Provenance:

Monty Bloom, Stockport, then by descent to Martin D.H. Bloom

Michael Grimes, Liverpool

Private collection, acquired from the above in the late 1980s, then by descent

 

Exhibited:

Sheffield, Graves Art Gallery, The Works of L.S. Lowry, 15th September – 14th October 1962, cat.no.88

Salford, Salford Art Gallery, L.S. Lowry Centenary Exhibition, 16th October – 29th November 1987 (unnumbered)

Middlesbrough, Cleveland Art Gallery, Lowry, 5th December 1987 – 17th January 1988, cat.no.57, this Arts Council exhibition then toured to Coventry, Herbert Art Gallery and Museum 23rd January – 28th February 1988; Stoke-on-Trent Art Gallery 5th March – 17th April 1988; Exeter, Royal Albert Memorial Museum 23rd April – 29th May 1988

 

Literature:

Mervyn Levy, The Paintings of L.S. Lowry, Oils and Watercolours, Jupiter Books, London, 1975, illus. cat.no.86

Julian Spalding, Lowry, exh cat, The Herbert Press in association with the South Bank Board, 1987, p.95, cat.no.57, illus. p.84, no.82

 

 

Lowry’s dandified father figure cuts a dash against a system of free-hand grids: the pavement, the brick wall and the window, his laid-back posture (a candidate for John Cleese’s civil servant Mr Teabag in the Ministry of Silly Walks) and umbrella forming dynamic diagonals across the street stage. With serpentine swagger (the jaunty angle of his cigarette seems to make him smile), the central figure is formed of a series of curves, simultaneously suggesting movement back and forth; his back heel lifted, front foot twisted almost in a dance step. This rare optimistic painting is infused with the warm glow of the child’s excitement at the return of his father (seen smiling at the window), while at the same time gently mocking the family figure-head and his slap-stick street walk.

 

Following the sell-out success of his one-man exhibition at the Lefevre Gallery in 1961, Lowry dramatically changed the emphasis of his paintings to focus on single or small groups of figures, stating “I feel more strongly about these people than I ever did about the industrial scene.” At this propitious time, the successful Welsh businessman Monty Bloom made contact with the artist and began voraciously collecting his new subject matter – the first paintings he had ever bought. In 1962 the Graves Art Gallery in Sheffield borrowed forty-two paintings from Bloom for their Lowry retrospective (showing thirty-nine), including the present work, illustrated in the exhibition catalogue under the heading ‘Lowry the Jester’.

 

LS Lowry, My two uncles, 1962

Oil on canvas: 39.7 x 29.6 cm

Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle

 

 

Sir Hugh Casson, in his preface to the 1976 Royal Academy Memorial exhibition, referred to L S Lowry as ‘one of the great English painters of this century’. An individual artist with a unique style, Lowry’s work spans the first half of the twentieth century recording with sensitivity and wit his own personal view of the people and architecture of the industrial north.

 

Born in Manchester in 1887 Laurence Stephen Lowry was the only child of Robert and Elizabeth Lowry.  He started drawing at the age of eight and in 1903, he began private painting classes which marked the start of a part-time education in art that was to continue for twenty years. In 1904, aged 16, he left school and secured a job as a clerk in a chartered accountants firm, he remained in full time employment until his retirement at the age of 65. His desire to be considered a serious artist led him to keep his professional and artistic life completely separate and it was not disclosed until after his death that he had worked for most of his life. Lowry’s early training was at the Municipal College of Art, Manchester, where he was taught by the French artist Adolphe Valette who introduced him to Impressionism and of whom he said ‘I owe so much to him for it was he who first showed me good drawings by the great masters… he gave me the feeling that life drawing was a very wonderful thing.’ Lowry was, however, unaffected by Valette’s impressionist technique and continued to develop a more realistic approach to his art.

 

In 1909 Lowry and his parents moved to Pendlebury, where initially he was not happy, and for some years ignored his surroundings. In 1916, whilst waiting for a train, he became fascinated by the workers leaving the Acme Spinning Company Mill; the combination of the people and the surroundings were a revelation to him and marked the turning point in his artistic career.   He now began to explore the industrial areas of South Lancashire and discovered a wealth of inspiration, remarking ‘My subjects were all around me … in those days there were mills and collieries all around Pendlebury. The people who work there were passing morning and night.   All my material was on my doorstep.’ By 1920 Lowry’s street scenes, peopled with workers, housewives and children set against a backdrop of industrial buildings and terraced houses had become central to his highly personal style. From now on he painted entirely from experience and believed that you should ‘paint the place you know’. His leisure time was spent walking the streets of Manchester and Salford making pencil sketches on scraps of paper and the backs of used envelopes recording anything that could be used in his work. In his early factory scenes the emphasis is placed on the buildings and the atmosphere was often dark and sombre, however, as he developed this theme the figures became more prominent and eventually he arrived at a marriage between the two where the figures and surrounding from a whole.

 

By the 1930s he had established his own particular style, he was encouraged by his teacher Bernard Taylor to try to make his figures and buildings stand out more and he began to experiment with setting them against a white  background. He chose ‘flake white’ building up layer after layer on the canvas before painting the subject matter straight on top. He used only five other colours: vermillion, Prussian blue, ivory black and ochre which he applied straight from the tube. With the onset of the modernisation of the industrial north in the mid-1950s Lowry lost interest in his surroundings and now concentrated almost entirely on figures silhouetted against a white background, occasionally standing on a hint of a pavement or near a ghost of a wall, but frequently suspended in time and space.  He continued to sketch and closely observe his subjects and his works form this period capture the essence and nature of the Northern people; he frequently mixes young and old and he imparts to each figure an individual character. Shelly Rohde in her book A private view of L S Lowry wrote ‘he had a new obsession, his single figures, his grotesques. The struggling, surging, misshapen homunculi who used to live for so long in the shadow of the mills emerging at last from their background to stand alone, as he stood alone…’

 

Visits to Wales in the 1960s with his friend and patron Monty Bloom briefly revived his interest in industrial scenes. He was impressed by the contrast between the industrial towns and the surrounding countryside, consequently his paintings from this period are brighter than his Lancashire paintings. However, towards the end of the 1960s Lowry began to lose his creative urge and, with the exception of the occasional moment of artistic inspiration he ceased painting almost entirely. Laurence Stephen Lowry died of pneumonia in 1976, aged 88. Although he had received critical acclaim for his work during the second half of his life, he never forgot the lack of recognition that he had received initially and he carried with him the feeling of isolation and rejection throughout his career. He refused the offer of a knighthood, as well as numerous other honours, and remained disillusioned with the art world despite the praise that was often heaped upon him.

 

Lowry is always remembered as a man of remarkable resilience and sensitivity; he stood alone, unaffected by the influences of other artists and his inspiration came entirely from his own experience. His paintings and drawings are now included in most important private and public collections in the United Kingdom and abroad and his unique works continue to receive the critical acclaim that they so richly deserve.

 

 

 

 

 

Modern BritishLaurence Stephen Lowry