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Laurence Stephen Lowry - Figures with a dog

Laurence Stephen Lowry

Figures with a dog

Oil on board: 5.5(h) x 5.2(w) in / 14(h) x 13.3(w) cm
Signed and dated lower left: L.S. Lowry 1957.

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BV 156



Manchester 1887 - 1976 Glossop


Figures with a dog


Signed and dated lower left: L.S. Lowry 1957.

Oil on board: 5 ½ x 5 ¼ in / 14 x 13.3 cm

Frame size: 9 x 9 in / 22.9 x 22.9 cm

In an eighteenth century style gilded composition raking knull frame



The Lefevre Gallery, London (X 7536)

Private collection, acquired from the above 4th April 1959

Sotheby’s London, 17th March 1976, lot 91

Walter William ‘Max’ Bygraves OBE;

Christie’s London, 11th November 1988, lot 474

Sotheby’s London, 10th October 1990, lot 127;

Private collection, UK


Lowry’s interest in his industrial surroundings resulted in an acute awareness of the people who inhabited them. He spent many years as an art student studying figures and while touring the streets of Pendlebury, Salford and Manchester he closely observed and recorded the characters that peopled the city and its environs. Throughout the 1940s and 50s, Lowry continued to paint major industrial scenes, but his interest in people as individuals developed; these figures began to emerge from the crowd scenes and demand a space of their own. Each figure is almost silhouetted against the characteristic flake white background, but at the same time each is a recognisable individual, their characters defined by their bearing and clothing. These intimate and intriguing works encourage the viewer to imagine the protagonists’ relationships, each glance and posture drawing the eye from one person to another, reflecting an ‘incident glimpsed, a conversation overheard, a snatch of reality’[1]. Lowry’s colourful, disparate figures are fluidly and yet precisely articulated. A master of movement, of the fleeting gesture caught in line and shape, a simple turn of the head, curve of the back and placement of the hands eloquently expresses his character’s anxious, nonchalant or curious disposition.



LS Lowry, Family group, 1958       LS Lowry, Figures in a street, 1960             

Cambridge University Colleges    Royal Academy of Arts, London




Manchester 1887 - 1976 Glossop


Sir Hugh Casson, in his preface to the 1976 Royal Academy Memorial exhibition referred to L S Lowry as ‘one of the great English painters of this century’. An individual artist with a unique style, Lowry’s work spans the first half of the twentieth century recording with sensitivity and wit his own personal view of the people and architecture of the industrial north. Born in Manchester in 1887 Laurence Stephen Lowry was the only child of Robert and Elizabeth Lowry. He started drawing at the age of eight and in 1903, he began private painting classes which marked the start of a part-time education in art that was to continue for twenty years. In 1904, aged 16, he left school and secured a job as a clerk in a chartered accountants firm, he remained in full time employment until his retirement at the age of 65. His desire to be considered a serious artist led him to keep his professional and artistic life completely separate and it was not disclosed until after his death that he had worked for most of his life.


His early training was at the Municipal College of Art, Manchester, where he was taught by the French artist Adolphe Valette who introduced him to Impressionism and of whom he said ‘I owe so much to him for it was he who first showed me good drawings by the great masters… he gave me the feeling that life drawing was a very wonderful thing.’ Lowry was, however, unaffected by Valette’s impressionist technique and continued to develop a more realistic approach to his art. In 1909 Lowry and his parents moved to Pendlebury, where initially he was not happy, and for some years ignored his surroundings. In 1916, whilst waiting for a train, he became fascinated by the workers leaving the Acme Spinning Company Mill; the combination of the people and the surroundings were a revelation to him and marked the turning point in his artistic career. He now began to explore the industrial areas of South Lancashire and discovered a wealth of inspiration, remarking ‘My subjects were all around me … in those days there were mills and collieries all around Pendlebury. The people who work there were passing morning and night.   All my material was on my doorstep.’


By 1920 Lowry’s street scenes, peopled with workers, housewives and children set against a backdrop of industrial buildings and terraced houses had become central to his highly personal style. From now on he painted entirely from experience and believed that you should ‘paint the place you know’. His leisure time was spent walking the streets of Manchester and Salford making pencil sketches on scraps of paper and the backs of used envelopes recording anything that could be used in his work. In his early factory scenes the emphasis is placed on the buildings and the atmosphere was often dark and sombre, however, as he developed this theme the figures became more prominent and eventually he arrived at a marriage between the two where the figures and surrounding from a whole. By the 1930s he had established his own particular style, he was encouraged by his teacher Bernard Taylor to try to make his figures and buildings stand out more and he began to experiment with setting them against a white background. He chose ‘flake white’ building up layer after layer on the canvas before painting the subject matter straight on top. He used only four other colours: vermillion, prussian blue, ivory black and ochre which he applied straight from the tube.


With the onset of the modernisation of the industrial north in the mid-1950s Lowry lost interest in his surroundings and now concentrated almost entirely on figures silhouetted against a white background, occasionally standing on a hint of a pavement or near a ghost of a wall, but frequently suspended in time and space. He continued to sketch and closely observe his subjects and his works form this period capture the essence and nature of the Northern people; he frequently mixes young and old and he imparts to each figures an individual character. Shelly Rohde in her book A private view of L S Lowry wrote ‘he had a new obsession, his single figures, his grotesques. The struggling, surging, misshapen homunculi who used to live for so long in the shadow of the mills emerging at last from their background to stand alone, as he stood alone…’


Visits to Wales in the 1960s with his friend and patron Monty Bloom briefly revived his interest in industrial scenes. He was impressed by the contrast between the industrial towns and the surrounding countryside, consequently his paintings from this period are brighter than his Lancashire paintings. However, towards the end of the 1960s Lowry began to lose his creative urge and, with the exception of the occasional moment of artistic inspiration he ceased painting almost entirely.


Laurence Stephen Lowry died of pneumonia in 1976, aged 88. Although he had received critical acclaim for his work during the second half of his life, he never forgot the lack of recognition that he had received initially and he carried with him the feeling of isolation and rejection throughout his career. He refused the offer of a knighthood, as well as numerous other honours, and remained disillusioned with the art world despite the praise that was often heaped upon him.


Lowry is always remembered as a man of remarkable resilience and sensitivity; he stood alone, unaffected by the influences of other artist’s and his inspiration came entirely from his own experience. His paintings and drawings are now included in most important private and public collections in the United Kingdom and abroad and his unique works continue to receive the critical acclaim that he so richly deserves.






[1] Michael Howard, Lowry: A Visionary Artist, Lowry Press, Salford, 2000, p.134.

Other Works By
Laurence Stephen Lowry:

Laurence Stephen Lowry - A street in Droylsden Laurence Stephen Lowry - The cross-roads Laurence Stephen Lowry - Man looking at something