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Henri Manguin - Le printemps a la Reinerie

Henri Manguin

Le printemps a la Reinerie

Oil on canvas: 19.9(h) x 24(w) in / 50.5(h) x 61(w) cm
Signed lower right

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HENRI MANGUIN

 Paris 1874 - 1949 St Tropez

Ref: BZ 140

                                               

Le printemps a la Reinerie

 

Signed lower right

Oil on canvas: 19 7/8 x 24 in / 50.5 x 61 cm

Frame size: 27 x 32 x 2½ inches

 

Painted in 1944

 

 

 

 

Provenance:

Allard, Paris, acquired from the artist in May 1945

Private collection, Paris;

by descent to a private collector, France;

from whom acquired circa 1990 by a private collector, Paris

 

Literature:

Marie-Caroline Sainsaulieu, Henri Manguin Catalogue Raisonné de l’Oeuvre Peint sous la Direction de Lucile et Claude Manguin, Neuchâtel 1980, p.377, no.1223, illus.

 

 

Henri Manguin was a pupil with Matisse, Marquet, Rouault and Camoin in the studio of Gustave Moreau, a liberal teacher who sensed the ferment of originality in these young men: he told them that he was the bridge over which they would pass. They sprang to notoriety at the 1905 Salon d’Automne, with paintings in which vivid, anti-naturalistic colour is used as a vehicle to express emotion. Perspective, paramount since the Renaissance, was jettisoned in favour of eddying black lines and a pulsating picture plane. The outraged critic Louis Vauxcelles dubbed these artists ‘fauves’ (wild beasts).

 

In his later work Manguin moved away from the hot, clashing colours of his Fauve phase to achieve a harmonious, interlinked palette influenced by the work of Paul Cézanne. He distils the essence of the landscape through touches of colour that blend on the picture surface. In 1942 and 1943 Manguin spent time with his daughter Lucile at her house, La Reinerie, in the Vallée de Cheveuse about thirty miles south-west of Paris. In this painting Manguin captures the freshness of a spring day, weaving a dense tapestry of colours: bursts of white blossom, the yellow-green of new leaves, a path lined with purple irises. The cool colours in the landscape are contrasted by the mellow, red-tiled house and the warm browns of the tree branches, which knit the composition together. 

 

HENRI MANGUIN

Paris 1874 – 1949 St Tropez

 

 

Henri Manguin was born in Paris in 1874. In 1894 he entered the studio of Gustave Moreau at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, a fellow pupil of Matisse, Marquet, Rouault, Valtat and Camoin, who remained lifelong friends. In 1899 he married his muse and model Jeanne Carette and in 1902 exhibited for the first time at the Salon des Indépendents. Manguin first discovered the South of France in 1904, when he was invited to Saint-Tropez by Paul Signac, with whom he shared a love of fast cars. The dazzling Mediterranean light had a profound effect on Manguin’s work. Manguin and his friends showed paintings with emotionally-charged, anti-naturalistic colour and shifting perspective at the 1905 Salon d’Automne, provoking the critic Louis Vauxcelles to dub them ‘fauves’ (wild beasts). The following year Ambroise Vollard bought 150 of Manguin’s works.

 

Manguin depicted nudes, landscapes, interior scenes and still lifes in a direct, painterly style, although the palette of his later work is softer and more naturalistic than that of his Fauve period. From the 1920s, like Matisse, he divided his time between Neuilly-sur-Seine to the west of Paris and the South of France, renting, then buying, a house called l’Oustalet at Saint-Tropez. Manguin also made painting trips to Normandy, Brittany and other parts of France and to Switzerland, where he gained important patrons through his friendship with Félix Vallottan. Manguin died at Saint-Tropez in 1949. In 1950 the Salon des Indépendents organized a major retrospective of his work.

 

The work of Henri Manguin is represented in the Musée d’Orsay, Paris; the Hermitage, St Petersburg; the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York and the Art Institute of Chicago.