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Sir Alfred Munnings - September afternoon, Exmoor

Sir Alfred Munnings

September afternoon, Exmoor

Oil on board: 15.7(h) x 21(w) in / 40(h) x 53.3(w) cm
Signed lower right: A J Munnings

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BT 292



Mendham 1878 - 1959 Dedham


September afternoon, Exmoor


Signed lower right: A.J. Munnings;

Oil on board: 15 ¼ x 21 1/8 in / 38.7 x 53.6 cm

Frame size: 22 x 27 in / 55.9 x 69.8 cm


Painted in the 1940s



Ian MacNicol, Glasgow;

from whom purchased by a private collector, UK;

by descent



In the 1920s Alfred Munnings’s second wife, Violet, who was a superb equestrienne, bought a cottage, ‘Riverside’, at Withypool in Somerset. She hunted on Exmoor with the Devon and Somerset Staghounds, enjoying more challenging terrain than the hunting in East Anglia. In 1940 Munnings’s home, Castle House at Dedham in Essex, was requisitioned by the Army and he moved to Withypool, finding a curious freedom in the midst of conflict by painting pure landscape, unburdened by irksome commissions. Munnings wrote lyrically of Exmoor: ‘In the spring white blackthorn blossom, and later the hawthorn. With glistening stalks of dead bracken around, and young green fronds uncurling through ... bluebells a faint mist on the slope, and songs of blackbird and thrush in the air, I have sat in the shadow of an aged thorn in blossom, painting massed white blossoming trees below, casting their shadows on the hillside and their scent all around. Farther below still, the gleam of a small stream rippling over stones in the sun, its sweet, silvery music ascending, mingling with the blackbird’s song’[1].


This work depicts a favourite motif which Munnings painted frequently before and during the Second World War, the view from Selworthy (on the northern side of Exmoor, about eight miles from Withypool) to Dunkery Beacon. The Beacon stands on Dunkery Hill, at 1700 feet the highest point on Exmoor. The open-ended composition gives a sense of the panoramic, unfettered landscape. So different from East Anglia, with its gentle hills, fields of wheat and flower-strewn water meadows, Munnings found a new source of inspiration that perhaps took him back to the wild countryside of his Cornish sojourn, before the First World War. He painted Dunkery in every time of day and type of weather, pitting his vision and technique against changeable Nature in the way that Monet caught every mood of his gardens at Giverny. A number of these Dunkery paintings can be seen at the Munnings Museum at Castle House.  


In this painting, Munnings superbly captures the elegiac feel of a September afternoon as the last warmth of the summer plays on the Exmoor landscape. The pinkish-red soil of the ploughed field contrasts vividly with the deep emerald shadows along the hedgerows. Munnings paints with wonderful vigour and freedom, revelling in this border landscape where agricultural land adjoins the wild, rolling moorland.




Mendham 1878 - 1959 Dedham



Born in Mendham, Suffolk, Alfred Munnings was the son of a miller.  He was apprenticed to a firm of lithographers from 1893 to 1898 and studied at the Norwich School of Art and in Paris. There he was impressed with plein-air naturalism; this, together with his introduction to the racecourse in 1899, influenced the themes for which he became famous.


While in Mendham, Munnings painted many scenes of country life, particularly horse fairs.  He went to Cornwall in 1908, and for many years was an important addition to the Newlyn School of artists.  When the First World War broke out, Munnings enlisted, despite having the use of only one eye owing to an accident in 1899.  He became an army horse trainer near Reading and later went to France as an official war artist, attached to the Canadian Cavalry Brigade.


The year 1919 was a major turning-point in all aspects of Munnings’s life; he painted his first racehorse, Pothlyn, the winner of the Grand National, and became an Associate of the Royal Academy.  He met Violet McBride, whom he was to marry, and bought Castle House, Dedham, where the Munnings Memorial Trust maintains a permanent exhibition of his pictures. Munnings’s prolific career, spanning over 60 years, brought him honour, with election to the Presidency of the Royal Academy in 1944, a Knighthood in 1945, and a personal award from the Sovereign in 1947, when he was created Knight of the Royal Victorian Order.



[1] Sir Alfred Munnings, The Finish, London 1952, p. 105.



Other Works By
Sir Alfred Munnings:

Sir Alfred Munnings - After the Steeplechase at Newbury Sir Alfred Munnings - Chestnuts in bloom at Castle House, Dedham Sir Alfred Munnings - Going to the Start