Patrick Heron

Bedroom, Mousehole

Oil on canvas: 30(h) x 25(w) in /

76.2(h) x 63.5(w) cm

Signed and dated lower left: PATRICK HERON 46; signed, dated and inscribed on the stretcher: 7 BEDROOM, MOUSEHOLE 1946 PATRICK HERON 45 gns. Also indistinctly inscribed on the overlap, INTERIOR MOUSEHOLE

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BV 179                                                           

 

PATRICK HERON

Headingley 1920 – 1999 Zennor

 

Bedroom, Mousehole

 

Signed and dated lower left:
PATRICK HERON 46
;

signed, dated and inscribed on the stretcher: 7 BEDROOM,

MOUSEHOLE 1946 PATRICK HERON 45 gns.

Also indistinctly inscribed on the overlap, INTERIOR MOUSEHOLE

Oil on canvas: 30 x 25 in / 76.2 x 63.5 cm

Frame size: 40 x 35 in / 101.6 x 88.9 cm

 

Provenance:

Redfern Gallery, London

Private collection, UK, purchased in 1952 and thence by descent

Hazlitt Holland-Hibbert, London

Private collection

 

Exhibitions:

Possibly, London, Redfern Gallery, Sigmund Pollitzer, Patrick Heron and Leon Zack, 3rd-25th October 1947, no.39 as Interior Mousehole (45 gns)

Wakefield City Art Gallery, Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings & Drawings by Patrick Heron, 5th April–3rd May 1952, no.22, travelling to Leeds University, 10th May-24th May 1952; Halifax, Bankfield Museum, 31st May–28th June 1952; Scarborough Art Gallery, 19th June-10th July 1952; Hull, Ferens Art Gallery, 30th July-21st September 1952

 

 

This radiant, sun-drenched interior reflects the light and landscape of Mousehole harbour, which Heron painted in the summer of 1946, the year after his marriage. Heron made annual visits to Cornwall from 1945, staying initially in Carbis Bay and then from 1947 to 1954 at 3 St Andrews Street, St Ives. This painting represents one of very few works he made in Mousehole.[1]

Bedroom, Mousehole is a powerful example of Heron’s work of the 1940s on the theme of interiors and windows, it’s rhythmic linearity and decorative colour making it a joyful painting, vibrating with lines of light and vision. Heron recalled: ‘The feeling of a sort of marriage of indoor and outdoor space, through the aperture of the window frame, itself roughly rectilinear and parallel to the picture surface, was really the main theme of all my paintings – or nearly all – between 1945 and 1955.’[2]

 

At this decisive point in his career, Heron, already a perceptive and sophisticated artist, had developed not only his own voice as an art critic, but also his own distinct visual language in painting. Writing of the inspiration behind his stylistic advances at this time, Heron stated ‘From Braque came the idea of the ‘transparency’ of the objects…On the other hand, the nature of my charcoal drawing is far removed from Braque…in their lose and speedy linearity these charcoal grids are, therefore, if anything, nearer Matisse.’[3] The importance of Matisse and in particular The Red Studio, 1911 (Museum of Modern, New York), which Heron frequently visited on display at the Redfern Gallery, London in 1943-45 and declared to be ‘the most influential single painting in my entire career’ can be seen in the transparency of still life elements, the ambiguity of perspective, the compositional rhythm and creation of space in planes of pure colour. Although Heron fully acknowledged the importance of significant French masters, these key influences were fully integrated into a style undeniably his own. 

 

 

PATRICK HERON

Headingley 1920 – 1999 Zennor

 

Although Heron was born at Headingly, Leeds, much of his childhood was spent in West Cornwall. His father was a blouse manufacturer and founder of Cresta Silks, commissioning artists including Paul Nash and Cedric Morris. Heron studied part-time at the Slade School of Art between 1937-39. During the Second World War, he registered as a conscientious objector, working as an agricultural labourer and later as an assistant at the Bernard Leach Pottery, St Ives from 1944-45, during which time he met Ben Nicholson and Barbara Hepworth. In 1945, Heron married Delia Reiss and moved to London, making annual summer trips to Cornwall. He held his first solo exhibition at the Redfern Gallery in 1947 (and continued to exhibit with the gallery until 1958), visiting Paris for the first time the same year. During this period Heron was also an influential art critic, writing for the New English Weekly from 1945-47, New Statesman and Nation from 1947-50, the London correspondent for Arts, New York, from 1955-58, and published an anthology of his critical writing, Changing Forms of Art in 1955.

 

Heron painted his first purely abstract paintings in 1952 and after a brief return to figuration, executed works in a tachiste style from 1955, prior to the exhibition Modern Art in the United States at the Tate Gallery in 1956. This change to abstraction coincided with his move to Eagles Nest, Zennor, and the following year he exhibited his first stripe paintings in a group exhibition entitled Metavisual, Tachiste, Abstract. In 1958, he moved to Ben Nicholson’s former studio at Porthmeor and began to introduce the shapes that were to characterise his paintings of the 1960s and 1970s. He also joined Waddington Galleries, where he would exhibit for the rest of his career. Heron visited Australia in 1967, 1973 and in 1989-90, as Artist in Residence at the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney.

 

Heron won the Grand Prize at the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition in 1959 and a silver medal at the São Paolo Bienal in 1965. He had several retrospective exhibitions throughout his career including at the Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1972, at the Barbican Art Gallery in 1985 and at the Tate Gallery in 1998. He was created CBE in 1977 and became a Trustee of the Tate Gallery in 1980 until 1987. He died peacefully at his home in Zennor, Cornwall, in March 1999 at the age of 79.

 

[1] Mousehole : 1946 in the collection of Giles Heron was included in Heron’s most recent retrospective at Tate St Ives.

[2] Patrick Heron cited in Mel Gooding, Patrick Heron, Phaidon Press, 1994, p.74. 

[3] Patrick Heron cited in Mel Gooding, Patrick Heron, op.cit., p.75.

Post War BritishPatrick Heron