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Henriette Ronner-Knip - The young artist

Henriette Ronner-Knip

The young artist

Oil on panel: 9.5(h) x 13(w) in / 24.1(h) x 33(w) cm
Signed lower right: Henriette Ronner

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BY 144



Amsterdam 1821 - 1909 Brussels


The young artist


Signed lower right: Henriette Ronner.

Oil on panel: 12 ¾ x 17 ¾ in / 32.4 x 45.1 cm

Frame size: 17 x 20 in / 43.2 x 50.8 cm



Private collection, The Netherlands



Amsterdam, Kattenkabinet, Salonkatjes en Pronkpoezen van Henriette Ronner-Knip, 10th December 1991-9th March 1992

Rotterdam, Kunsthal, Tentoonstelling Henriette Ronner-Knip, 1998



‘The artists who have succeeded in rendering the cat may be counted on the fingers of one hand – the Japanese Hokusai, the Swiss Mind, the English Burbank, the French Lambert, the Dutch Mme. Ronner  - and the greatest of these, the one who has succeeded absolutely and all round, is the last, the lady’[1].


At the beginning of the nineteenth century the status of the cat as a domestic animal had elevated and possession of one became a new-found trend, a trend that Henriette Ronner-Knip embraced. Ronner married this sweet animal with comforting and warm nineteenth century interiors and specialized in the subject. Often her paintings would depict cats and kittens playing and romping over furniture and her treatment of these animals and their homes was very fashionable. This made Ronner not only extremely popular amongst high society but also with the nouveaux riches, and through this she was able to obtain international success.


Ronner-Knip had a special glass-fronted miniature studio built so that she was able to observe her cats stroll, sleep and play undisturbed whilst she painted them. This closeness to her subject always gave her cats a sense of immediacy in their actions and a natural sincerity as she was able rigorously to study her feline models, rendering them with realism in a relaxed environment. Through this observational relationship, Ronner’s subjects never seem contrived in their poses, which is mirrored in her ability to capture both the movement in their fur as they explore and their individual characters.



Henriette Ronner-Knip, A merry party, 1892.

Blackburn Museum and Art Gallery.




Amsterdam 1821 - 1909 Brussels


Henriette Ronner-Knip is perhaps best known for her paintings of dogs and cats, but it was not until her later life that she specialised in these genres. She came from a family of artists and received her earliest tuition from her father Joseph Augustus Knip (1777-1847). At the age of fifteen, she sold her first painting in an exhibition at Dusseldorf.


During her early years, Ronner-Knip painted many subjects including genre scenes, landscapes and still lifes. In 1850, she married Telco Ronner and they moved to Brussels where she was to spend the rest of her life. In 1860, she exhibited a painting entitled La mort d’un ami which was highly acclaimed, establishing her reputation as a painter of dogs. The Queen of Belgium commissioned her to paint two of her favourite lap-dogs in 1876 and the success of these works led to many more commissions. Ronner-Knip counted most of the crowned heads of Europe amongst her patrons. Among her most prestigious clients were the King of Hanover, Don Fernando King of Portugal, Emperor Wilhelm I King of Prussia, Baron Tindal of Amsterdam, the Duchess of Edinburgh and the Princess of Wales. She began to paint cats in works that were popular for their humorous and anthropomorphic characterisation. These domestic pets were often depicted in luxurious interiors, lying on silk cushions and chairs or playing in fancy baskets.


Ronner-Knip exhibited widely throughout her career and was elected to many artistic societies.  The ‘Natura Artis Magistra’ Society of Amsterdam elected her to membership in 1850 and Ronner-Knip was made a member of merit in the Academy of Painting and Drawing in Rotterdam in 1861. Her paintings won medals in exhibitions around the world, including two bronze medals, one vermeil medal, five silver medals and six gold medals. The King of The Netherlands also presented her with a ‘Unique Medal of Merit’ in 1874.  Her international reputation was confirmed at the prestigious World’s Fairs. First by an artistic medal at the Centennial Exhibition held in Philadelphia in 1876, then by a gold medal at the Colonial and International Exposition held in Amsterdam in 1883 and a silver medal at the Universal Exhibition held in Edinburgh in 1883.


Ronner-Knip was awarded the Cross of the Order of Léopold in 1887 by Léopold II King of the Belgians, an honour rarely bestowed upon a woman artist. In 1891, a Henriette Ronner Album was published with twelve reproductions of her most famous works. She died in Brussels in 1909.


The work of Ronner-Knip is represented in several museums including the Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam and the Dordrechts Museum.










[1] An English critic quoted in Harry J Kraaij (ed.), Henriette Ronner-Knip 1821-1909: Een virtuoos dierschilderes, Schiedam, 1998, p.9.

Other Works By
Henriette Ronner-Knip:

Henriette Ronner-Knip - Kittens at play Henriette Ronner-Knip - Making music