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Gustave Loiseau - Bord de rivière, la Seine à Porte-Joie

Gustave Loiseau

Bord de rivière, la Seine à Porte-Joie

Oil on canvas: 21.5(h) x 25.4(w) in / 54.6(h) x 64.5(w) cm
Signed lower left: G. Loiseau

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GUSTAVE LOISEAU

1865 - Paris - 1935

Ref: BZ 265

                                               

Bord de rivière, la Seine à Porte-Joie

 

Signed lower left: G. Loiseau

Oil on canvas: 21 ½ x 25 3/8 in / 54.6 x 64.5 cm

Frame size: 29 x 33 in / 73.7 x 83.8 cm

In a Louis XV style carved and gilded pastel frame

 

Painted circa 1901

 

 

Provenance:

Ader Picard Tajan, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, 26th June 1986, lot 79;

where acquired by a private collector, Switzerland;

by descent

 

To be included in the catalogue raisonné of the work of Gustave Loiseau being prepared by Monsieur Didier Imbert, ref. no.Fi 1575

 

 

Gustave Loiseau commented: ‘I work in my little corner, as best I can, and try my best to translate the impression I get from nature…it is my instinct alone that guides me and I am proud not to resemble anybody’. Loiseau was influenced by the Pont-Aven School and the Pointillists early in his career before forging his own poetic interpretation of Post-Impressionism.

 

The radiance that emanates from Loiseau’s paintings is enhanced by his frequent choice of river scenes for his compositions. He has been called the ‘historiographer of the Seine’, the river at the heart of northern French identity, which rises in Source-Seine near Dijon, flows majestically through Paris, and reaches the sea at the busy port of Le Havre. The placid river, in its lush green valley fringed with gentle hills, has inspired countless artists, including Loiseau’s Impressionist contemporaries Monet, Pissarro and Sisley.

 

This work depicts the Seine at Porte-Joie in Normandy, about fifty miles north-west of Loiseau’s family home in Pontoise. Loiseau was fascinated by the half-tones of early morning and late afternoon. The painting shimmers with the blue light of a cool morning on the river, taking its tone from the water. Nearly three-quarters of the work is filled with myriad shades of blue, from the midnight-blue crescents of paint describing the gently-rippling Seine, to the hazy form of the distant hills, to a sky composed from richly-impasted squiggles and curls which pulsate with atmosphere. Loiseau is less interested in capturing a fleeting moment in nature, like his Impressionist mentors, than in conveying the emotional response which the scene evokes in him. The serene composition is anchored with bands of green that resonate with the cool blues. The cottage, just touched by morning light, is composed from a web of hues from straw to gold to cobalt to purple. As so often with Loiseau, human presence is subtle. A man strolls along the riverbank, conjured up from a few rapid dabs of paint, almost subsumed into the complex weave of colours around him.

 

 

 

 

 

 

GUSTAVE LOISEAU

1865 – Paris – 1937

 

 

Gustave Loiseau is one of the most poetic and sensitive of the Post-Impressionists. His work shows the influence of Impressionist masters such as Alfred Sisley and Camille Pissarro and he briefly took advice from Paul Gauguin, whilst being a great admirer of Corot. Loiseau experimented with Pointillism, but developed his own style. He is considered to be a pure landscape artist, painting from direct observation of nature in a manner which is reminiscent of Claude Monet.

 

Loiseau was born in Paris, the son of a butcher from Pontoise who had moved to the Ile-Saint-Louis. He was apprenticed in 1880 to a painter and decorator, a job which he despised, but which confirmed his interest in art. Loiseau discovered the countryside of Pontoise when his parents retired there in 1881; a small legacy from his grandmother in 1887 spurred him to devote his life to landscape painting.

 

Loiseau studied at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs and in 1889 at the studio of the landscape painter Fernand Quignon. Loiseau rented a room in a workers’ tenement, La Maison du Trappeur in the Rue Ravignon, Montmartre, which was later to become famous as the Bateau-Lavoir. He became acquainted with Jean-Louis Forain and Adolphe Willette, but his shy, nature-loving personality had little in common with the raucous bohemians of the Parisian art scene. In 1890 he went to Pont-Aven, staying at the famous inn run by Marie-Jeanne Gloanec, where he was befriended by Henry Moret and Maxime Maufra. Although working in a personal style, Loiseau’s paintings from this period show the influence of the Pont-Aven School in their diagonal compositions, shortened perspectives and anti-panoramic fields of view. Returning to Paris in 1891, Loiseau exhibited for the first time at the Fifth Exhibition of Impressionist and Symbolist Painters. He showed paintings at the gallery of Le Barc de Boutteville in Rue Le Pelletier, where two works were bought by the celebrated Rouen collector and friend of Monet, François Depeaux.

 

For much of his life Loiseau was based in Paris but travelled extensively through France, making repeated trips to Pont-Aven, where he was encouraged by Gauguin in 1894, to Normandy and to Pontoise. Described as ‘the historiographer of the Seine’, he also captured the shifting moods of the Oise and the Eure rivers and the Channel ports. Loiseau joined the Société des Artistes Indépendants in 1893. In 1897 he signed an agreement to sell most of his output to Paul Durand-Ruel, giving him the financial independence to travel more extensively. Loiseau divided his last years between Pontoise (where he is buried) and Paris, where he died in 1935.

 

The work of Gustave Loiseau is represented in the Musée d’Orsay, Paris; the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen; the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; the Marubeni Collection, Japan; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City.

 

Other Works By
Gustave Loiseau:

Gustave Loiseau - Village au bord de la rivière (Porte-Joie) Gustave Loiseau - La maison de la mère XIV, Nesles-la-Vallée